In the 1950s and 1960s, Japanese goods were synonymous with cheapness and low quality, but over time their quality initiatives began to be successful, with Japan achieving very high levels of quality in products from the 1970s onward. In recent times, Japan has become world renowned for its incredible record for total quality control, quality improvement process and lean management. Unlike the traditional approach to quality control that is administered by quality inspectors at the end of the production process, the Japanese approach to quality control focuses on building superior quality in the production process through the development of team‐oriented human resource management (HRM) practices. This course reflects on the influences responsible for the improvement of Japanese Quality practices and approaches from the Second World War to the present time. The course investigates the Toyota Production System as well as the influence of statistical process control and lean management.